Monday, December 31, 2012

Health diary 10 : Ketosis / body low on carbs

Lately while working out I'm starting to stink- literally. I used to boost about not having BO (body odour) even when I perspire. Now just a few minutes of perspiration I've started to smell like crap. My breath is catching up too! With these drastic changes I've decided to do some research of what are the possibilities and I have concluded that my body is  in Ketosis; the explanations are below:


source: google pix



Ketosis diets, also called low-carbohydrate or low-carb diets, promote carbohydrate restriction as a weight loss tool. Low-carb diets that restrict carbohydrates most severely promote ketosis -- a state in which substances called ketones build up in your blood and your body resorts to stored fat as energy in place of carbohydrates. According to MayoClinic.com, low-carb diets pose numerous risks as a diet based on fruits, vegetables and whole grains is the healthiest option.
Hyperuricemia

Being in Ketosis means that our bodies are using fat for energy (as it runs out of carbohydrates). Ketones  are molecules generated during fat metabolism. When our bodies are breaking down fat for energy, most of the it gets converted more or less directly to ATP; "energy molecule." But ketones are also produced as part of the process.

When people eat less carbohydrate, their bodies turn to fat for energy, so it makes sense that more ketones are generated. Some of those ketones are used for energy; the heart muscle and kidneys, for example, prefer ketones to glucose. Most cells, including the brain cells, are able to use ketones for at least part of their energy. But there is one type of ketone molecule, called acetone, that cannot be used and is excreted as waste, mostly in the urine and breath (sometimes causing a distinct breath odor).

Im sure Im low on carbs cos I hate eating rice, not because of diet, but I just don't enjoy eating it, while my family eats rice everyday, and since I've been working out I just don't feel like eating as much anymore- back then I would usually cook up something else to eat, but lately I just eat the proteins and veggies.  So I'm quite sure I just don't have enough carbs.



Sounds great right? Who doesn't think its great if your body can burn your fat on its own. HOWEVER...



DANGER OF KETOSIS

Ketosis can lead to
excessive production of uric acid and hyperuricemia, represented by high uric acid levels. According to the Weight-Control Information Network, hyperuricemia increases your risk for kidney stones and gout -- a painful form of arthritis. High uric acid levels are also associated with high blood pressure, heart disease and kidney disease. Both kidney stones and gout can cause sudden, excruciating pain.

High cholesterol is a major risk factor for heart attacks, stroke, heart disease and certain forms of cancer. Low-carb diets that promote ketosis often allows ample intake of foods high in saturated fat and cholesterol, such as red meat, organ meats, poultry fat and high-fat cheese. Consuming a low-carb diet based upon these unhealthy fat sources increases your risk for high cholesterol significantly, according to MayoClinic.com. Frying your meats or adding butter, margarine, cheese or creamy sauces increases your risk for these complications. If you have family that has experienced heart disease or a personal history of this issue, your risks are further heightened.


Digestive Symptoms
Low-carb diets that cause ketosis are generally low in fiber-rich foods, such as whole grains, legumes, starchy vegetables and fruit. As a result, you may experience mild to severe constipation -- infrequent or difficult to pass stool. Constipation often causes pain, bloating, gas and general discomfort. According to MayoClinic.com, you may also experience other digestive problems, such as nausea.


Emotional Risks

Carbohydrates play an important role in helping the body to produce "feel good" hormones, such as serotonin and dopamine. While experiencing ketosis, you may experience depressive moods, mood swings and irritability. You may also feel deprived of carbohydrate-containing foods and have difficulty dining with friends or family members who adhere to healthier diets.


Weight Gain and Physical Weakness
Though you may lose weight in the initial phase of low-carb diets, once you consume even one carbohydrate-rich food, your body snaps out of ketosis. Initial weight loss caused by low-carb diets, according to MayoClinic.com, may be caused by a diuretic, or fluid-flushing, effect and/or reduced calorie intake. You may also experience physical weakness and fatigue, and find it difficult to partake in usual activities, such as exercise.


Source: lowcarbdiets.about.com   www.livestrong.com




In conclusion: So I have to push myself eating more carbs- moderately... because I do experience a few symtomps like  digestive probs and physical weakness. I hate feeling weak... but most of all I just hate being smelly. :(



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